Reptile and Snake Incubator

Keeping reptiles as pets have become a very common habit because people are realizing diverse ways to handle them. In order to have more of the reptiles that people need, innovators have come up with reptile and snake incubators. If you have a plan of breeding ball pythons, bearded dragons, leopard geckos or any other reptile, a reptile incubator is the best kit that you can possess. However, you need to know how to get the best reptile incubator to serve your needs in the best way possible.

Reptile and Snake Incubator

If you are would join the reptile forums, you would realize that there are people who keep on complaining after being frustrated by the type of incubators they buy. After looking for the reptile eggs, it would be so frustrating to find them dying due to improper humidity or heat. This article will help you to know the best kind of a reptile and snake incubator that you can choose.

Features of the Best Reptile Incubator

Temperature Control

This is the most important feature in an incubator. Maintaining steady temperatures is needed to avoid damaging the eggs. It requires the incubator to be accurate for the best results. An incubator that has temperatures that keep on fluctuating leads to less success in terms of egg hatching. This quality, however, does not involve all the incubators. Most of them are bad at constant temperature maintenance. It is recommended that you thoroughly research about the incubator and stop assuming that it will do the job. You should also speak to other reptile keepers for you to know the best incubator to use.  Read more ›

Wheel for Sugar Glider

Sugar gliders are very active when in the natural habitat. If you have a sugar glider for a pet, you should make sure that you provide it with an artificial environment that resembles the natural environment as much as possible. This can only be done by introducing things like exercise wheels. To keep the animals occupied, feeling secure, comfy, free and healthy, providing exercise wheels is advised. To ensure that you find it easy to take care of your pet, we have provided all possible info that you may need regarding a best sugar glider wheel

Wheel for Sugar Glider

Limitless playing opportunities are provided by exercise wheels. This makes such types of wheels a big hit since they play a big role in ensuring the comfort and good health of your pet. The best exercise wheel for your sugar glider is a large wheel characterized by a solid surface. When such a wheel is used, the safety of the pet is assured since the tail as well as the legs do not get trapped as the pet plays. Centre axles on wheels are not the best for gliders. Wheels with such features are dangerous to the pet in that they can easily get the pet entangled especially when the glider’s body has a urine cover. Read more ›

Evaluate Dog Food Through Blood Tests

The last two posts have highlighted my worry of a potential surge in medical problems in dogs caused by improperly formulated homemade dog food. My concern in writing the articles was that the various strategies of those feeding homemade were based on assumptions that would necessarily lead to unbalanced diets. Moreover, 95% of all homemade dog food recipes found online and in popular books have been shown to be nutritionally inadequate. Thoughtful comments from a reader highlighted why routine veterinary monitoring, especially blood tests, will not detect most dietary insufficiencies.

Blood Test Can’t Detect Nutrition Deficiencies

What Are the Essential Nutrients for Dogs?

Daily dogs need adequate quantities of:

Total Protein and Specific Amino Acids (from protein) – arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine. methionine, phenylalanine, taurine, threonine, tryptophan, valine
Total Fat and Specific Fatty Acids – linoleic acid, alpha linolenic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenic acid (EPA)
Vitamins – A, D, E, K, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B9 (folic acid) and B12 (cobalamin)
Minerals– calcium, chloride, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium and zinc
What Routine Canine Blood Tests Do Not Include:

No measurements of essential amino acids
No measurements of total dietary fat or specific essential fatty acids
No measurements of any vitamins
No measurements of 6 of the 12 essential minerals
What Do Routine Canine Blood Tests Evaluate?

dog eat

Complete Blood Count (CBC): Measures the number, size and hemoglobin (molecule responsible for transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide) content; the number and type of infection fighting white blood cells; the number of platelet cells (important for clotting). Certain types of anemia, or decreased red blood cells, can suggest iron or vitamin B12 deficiencies.

Serum Biochemistry: Evaluates liver, kidney, and pancreas function; measures cholesterol, total blood protein, albumin (protein important for retaining water in blood vessels), glucose, chloride, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and thyroid hormone.

Why Are Routine Blood Test Inadequate to Evaluate the Diet?

As you can see blood levels of very few nutrients are included in routine blood tests. Each nutrient requires individual tests that are more expensive the entire routine blood panel.
With the exception of iron or vitamin B12 deficiencies, a CBC tells little about dietary balance.
Constant blood levels of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium are necessary for heart and nerve function. Dietary deficiencies will cause a release in hormones to dissolve bone to maintain vital blood levels. Uncorrected this will result in eventual osteoporosis but the blood work will always be normal until all bone is gone. The condition is generally diagnosed by x-rays because a dog spontaneously breaks one or several bones or is showing severe weakness.

Blood vessels must maintain a certain level of protein or water will leak from the veins into the abdominal or thoracic cavity. Muscle provides an adequate source of protein if the diet does not contain adequate amounts. The body will continue to take protein from muscle to maintain adequate blood amounts. Low levels of protein in the blood will not show-up until muscle is depleted to critically low levels.

Potassium, sodium and chloride levels are also important for heart, nerve and other body functions so the body will maintain deficiencies in the diet by altering kidney function to reabsorb these minerals from the urine. It is not until very late stages of deficiency when heart, nerve and other organs fail that indications of deficiency may be suspected. But it cannot be proved by the blood tests.

Taurine deficiency causes congestive heart failure like that in the bulldog on an incomplete vegan diet. On admission to the emergency hospital the routine blood work was normal and it required an echocardiogram and a special test for taurine levels to diagnosis the dietary deficiency.

I could go on with other examples, but I think you probably get the point.

The Bottom Line

I did not write these posts to discourage homemade dog food. Quality, nutritious homemade dog food is my business because I think it is the best dog food. The point is that deficient homemade diets cannot be detected by routine veterinary monitoring and are generally discovered after a problem arises to a critical level. Nutritious homemade diets are not as easy to formulate as internet chatter would suggest. Providers of homemade recipes should be able to demonstrate the exact amount of all 42 daily essential nutrients in recipes and supplement recommendations. We do that with all of our recipes and hope others will also.